Has always been the garnet symbolizing light and enlightenment: In Buddhism it is considered sacred stone that will brighten the soul, in Indian mythology own grenade fire eternal transformation, and the Talmud reports is a shining from within garnet the only light source been on Noah's Ark. Not least because of their glitter was called in the Middle Ages, the red garnet varieties like rubies and spinels 'Karfunkelsteine'.
Here, the garnet has to offer a wide range of colors, in all shades occur until blue. It includes a group of around ten gems that are very similar in crystal structure and chemical composition. They are all relatively hard with Mohs hardness 7 to 7.5, have a high refractive index and density, which makes it next to the jewelry processing and industrial applications in precision mechanical and optical instruments as well as abrasives interesting.
You can find these garnets in metamorphic rocks such as gneiss and mica schist, in igneous rock melts and as mineral soap in river sediments. As of the Latin'granum' (grain) derived name foreshadows garnet often occurs in granular form, although one can encounter weighing up to 700 kg on massive macroscopic crystals. Garnet is a very commonly occurring silicate mineral, but abrasive worthy qualities are rare. The main garnet deposits in gemstone quality are currently in the United States, South Africa, Nigeria and Sri Lanka.
Important representatives are the blood red pyrope and the red and black, often slightly purple tinted almandine whose red color to traces of iron and Chrome is due, as well as a variety of Spessartins, which owes its orange-red color to a high manganese content. Originally discovered in Spessart and extremely rare Spessartin has long been known only as Lovers and collectors stone. Its significance as a gemstone he obtained only in 1991, as a sensational discovery in northern Namibia bright orange manganese aluminum garnets of rare beauty and quality brought to light.
Due to its discovery site at the Kunene River was called initially Kunene Spessartin, but his color soon inspired to terms Hollandin garnet (in allusion to the Oranje royal family) and mandarin garnet (such as citrus) .Among entered this name of Stein also his international triumphs as orange sparkling star in the jewelery sky. Although made the strong demand that the occurrence at the Kunene River was quickly exhausted, but to the delight of lovers jewelry new mandarin garnets of equally high quality were little later found in Nigeria. Your glowing orange, which reminds of an African sunset, enriches the world of jewelery today.