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OF NATUREFochtmann Juwelier Und Goldschmiede In München - Stein Nummer 8ELEVATED

„I have never hated a man so much that I would have given him back his diamonds.“
-Zsa Zsa Gabor, actress


This quote reflects with a twinkle in the eye the attraction diamonds can have on women. The precious mineral has always been tainted with a certain myth.


The diamond is one of nature’s most precious gifts. Nevertheless, gemstones are often valued quite individually and differently by the layman. Although the choice when buying and processing a diamond depends on personal feeling and taste, there are objective quality criteria that significantly determine the real market value. Four characteristics have become established for determining price and value.

Carat, Clarity, Colour & Cut

Carat (weight)
The larger a diamond, the rarer it is. The weight of a diamond is measured in carats. 1 carat corresponds to 0.2 grams and is divided into 100 points.

All natural diamonds contain various internal characteristics. Many of these features are invisible to the naked eye. Therefore, a special 10-fold magnifying glass serves as a basis for their recognition. The so-called inclusions determine the clarity classification depending on their number, colour, type, size as well as position. Large inclusions reduce the brilliance. The purer the diamond, the rarer its occurrence.

Most diamonds are colourless to slightly yellowish or brownish. These nuances are divided into colour categories. Basically, the finer the white, the rarer the diamond. Extremely rare are the natural diamonds in the colours red, pink, blue, green and intense yellow.

Cut (polish)
The proportions are decisive for the brilliance and fire of a diamond. The symmetry evaluates the possible deviations in the facet arrangement. The polish describes the condition of the facet surface.

Therefore, two diamonds are almost never of the exact same quality, even if they may appear so to the naked eye. The correlation of market value and these quality characteristics also provides the answer to the question of why two pieces of jewellery of the same size can carry very different price tags.